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Technical Language of Moving Image Year 8 Student Sheet

Gill Clayton | Thursday September 10, 2009

Categories: KS3, Year 8, Key Concepts, Media Language, Other Topics, Moving Images

Technical Language of Moving Image - Year 8 - Student Sheet


There are 3 types of lighting:

Key light - can be artificial light or the sun. It creates shadows in the shot to make it look like the light is coming from a particular light source.

Back light - the subject is lit from behind and usually from above, it throws the subject into silhouette. Back light creates atmosphere and mystery.

Practical - any light source that is part of the scene, like a fire, lamp or a candle.

And lighting can be:

Hard lighting - like there is an intense light source, for example the sun, it gives hard-edged shadows.

Soft lighting - a soft light source, for example an overcast sky where the shadows have a soft edge.



Sound is used in moving images to create atmosphere, it is either diegetic or non-diegetic sound:

Diegetic sound: is any sound which comes from what is on the screen:

  • Dialogue: the voices of characters
  • Ambient sounds made by objects in the story e.g. weather, a crowd, birds singing
  • Music, coming from either instruments played in the on-screen action or from devices such as record players, radios, tape players etc.

Non-diegetic sound: is sometimes called commentary sound, it is sound which has been added artificially; it is not part of what is on the screen. You cannot see it on the screen and it is not part of the action:

  • Voice-over commentary
  • Voice of God
  • Sound effect that is added for dramatic effect, e.g. fist hitting flesh
  • Basic sound effects, e.g. dog barking, car horn
  • Film score, soundtrack

Non-diegetic sound plays a big part in creating atmosphere and mood within a film.

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