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Technical Language of Moving Image Year 7 Lesson 1

Gill Clayton | Tuesday September 08, 2009

Categories: KS3, Year 7, Key Concepts, Media Language, Other Topics, Moving Images

Main/basic effects in italics under name to be used in plenary

Camera Shots

Establishing Shot - ES - Establishes where, when and who of a sequence of film.

Lets the audience know who the shot is about and where and when they are.

Long Shot - LS - The subject being filmed can be seen from head to foot in their Surroundings.

Shows where someone or something is. Can make someone seem small, lonely and vulnerable.

Mid/medium Shot - MS - Classic newsreader shot. A person can be seen from the waist upwards. We can still see some of the setting.

We can see some of the expression on the face and something of the surroundings.

Close Up - CU - The subject fills the screen. We cannot see much of the background.

We can see detail and emotion; we can see the thoughts of a person.

Big/Extreme Close Up - BCU/ECU - A small detail fills the screen: an insect on a leaf, an eye etc.

A sense of the surreal, can be unsettling.

Bird’s Eye View Shot - BEV - The camera is above the subject like a bird in the sky.

We can see everything that surrounds the subject.

Camera Angles

(The word angle is used to describe the position of the camera in relation to the subject.)

High Angle - HA - The camera is placed higher up than the subject, looking down on them.

The audience feels dominant as the subject seems small and vulnerable.

Eye Level - EL - The camera is at the same height as the eyes of the subject.

A natural feeling for the audience, we spend our lives at eye level. It makes the audience feelinvolved in the action.

Low Angle - LA - The camera is placed lower than the subject, looking up at them.

The subject seems dominant and the audience feels vulnerable and small.

Camera Movements

Pan - Camera stays in one place and moves horizontally from left to right or right to left.

Gradually reveals more information to the audience.

Tilt - Camera stays in one place and moves vertically from high to low angle or low to high.


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